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Archive for February 2019

Dental Implants in dogs and cats

Dental Implants are used extensively used in human medicine to replace lost teeth. The reasons for performing implants in people include the following: maintaining the position of the remaining teeth, maintaining bone height, improving mastication of food, and cosmetic value. Dogs and cats have very different dental and facial anatomy as compared to humans, and…

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Discolored Teeth

In a veterinary practice, it is not uncommon to see discolored teeth in our patients. There are many causes of discoloration, including trauma, infection, metabolic disease, or drug-induced. When evaluating discolored teeth, many things should be taken into consideration including the patient’s age, history, overall health, and how long the tooth/teeth have been discolored. All…

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Stomatitis

Feline stomatitis is a painful disease that we encounter all too often as veterinary dentists. It is characterized by severe inflammation of the gingiva and the mucosa in the mouths of our feline patients. The classical appearance of stomatitis is inflammation in the caudal oral cavity (far back regions of the mouth) where the upper…

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Fractured Teeth

In dogs, fractured teeth are most often caused by chewing on inappropriately hard objects, such as elk antlers or marrow bones, but can also be the result of trauma. The 4th premolar and 1st molar are the carnassial, or chewing teeth, and these are the most likely to be fractured when chewing on hard bones…

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Tooth Resorption

Tooth resorption is a relatively common and painful condition in cats. It can occur in dogs as well, although it is not as common. These lesions used to be referred to as “neck lesions” due to their frequent location at the “neck” of the tooth, where the gingiva meets the crown. They have also been…

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Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases diagnosed in dogs and cats. Simply put, it is a disease caused by the build-up of plaque along the gumline. Plaque is a sticky material that builds up on teeth and contains millions of bacteria that are protected within the plaque biofilm. Plaque causes the first…

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Safety of Anesthesia

In this image, the patient has a dedicated anesthetist watching him/her at all times as well as monitoring all of the vitals with appropriate equipment. Meanwhile, a hygienist works on the mouth while the surgeon prepares.     Many dog and cat owners are extremely concerned when their furry family member has to undergo anesthesia. …

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Antibiotic Use

ANTIMICROBIAL THERAPY FOR VETERINARY DENTAL AND ORAL SURGICAL PROCEDURES The use of antimicrobial drug (AMD) therapy by veterinarians after oral/dental procedures is a very common practice. In most cases this use is not necessary. A major concern is the emergence, spread and high prevalence of multidrug-resistant pathogens. This is believed to be associated with the…

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